git命令行快捷指令

git命令行快捷指令

前段时间看到有坛友分享了自己的git使用方式, 发现不少人也在用命令行操作git.

我就在这篇帖子里分享一下自己使用git快捷指令的经验.

1. 环境

  1. 操作系统: win10
  2. git版本: git for windows 2.20.1

2. 快捷文件配置

  1. C:\Users\用户名\.bashrc找到当前文件(如果没有文件, 则在当前目录创建新文件即可)

  2. 将以下内容复制到文件中

    alias gpm='git push origin master'
    alias ...=../..
    alias ....=../../..
    alias .....=../../../..
    alias ......=../../../../..
    alias 1='cd -'
    alias 2='cd -2'
    alias 3='cd -3'
    alias 4='cd -4'
    alias 5='cd -5'
    alias 6='cd -6'
    alias 7='cd -7'
    alias 8='cd -8'
    alias 9='cd -9'
    alias _=sudo
    alias afind='ack -il'
    alias d='dirs -v | head -10'
    alias g=git
    alias ga='git add'
    alias gaa='git add --all'
    alias gapa='git add --patch'
    alias gau='git add --update'
    alias gb='git branch'
    alias gba='git branch -a'
    alias gbd='git branch -d'
    alias gbda='git branch --no-color --merged | command grep -vE "^(\*|\s*(master|develop|dev)\s*$)" | command xargs -n 1 git branch -d'
    alias gbl='git blame -b -w'
    alias gbnm='git branch --no-merged'
    alias gbr='git branch --remote'
    alias gbs='git bisect'
    alias gbsb='git bisect bad'
    alias gbsg='git bisect good'
    alias gbsr='git bisect reset'
    alias gbss='git bisect start'
    alias gc='git commit -v'
    alias 'gc!'='git commit -v --amend'
    alias gca='git commit -v -a'
    alias 'gca!'='git commit -v -a --amend'
    alias gcam='git commit -a -m'
    alias 'gcan!'='git commit -v -a --no-edit --amend'
    alias 'gcans!'='git commit -v -a -s --no-edit --amend'
    alias gcb='git checkout -b'
    alias gcd='git checkout dev'
    alias gcdl='git checkout develop'
    alias gcf='git config --list'
    alias gcfz='git checkout feature-zq'
    alias gcl='git clone --recursive'
    alias gclean='git clean -fd'
    alias gcm='git checkout master'
    alias gcmsg='git commit -m'
    alias 'gcn!'='git commit -v --no-edit --amend'
    alias gco='git checkout'
    alias gcount='git shortlog -sn'
    alias gcp='git cherry-pick'
    alias gcpa='git cherry-pick --abort'
    alias gcpc='git cherry-pick --continue'
    alias gcs='git commit -S'
    alias gcsm='git commit -s -m'
    alias gd='git diff'
    alias gdca='git diff --cached'
    alias gdct='git describe --tags `git rev-list --tags --max-count=1`'
    alias gdt='git diff-tree --no-commit-id --name-only -r'
    alias gdw='git diff --word-diff'
    alias gf='git fetch'
    alias gfa='git fetch --all --prune'
    alias gfo='git fetch origin'
    alias gg='git gui citool'
    alias gga='git gui citool --amend'
    alias ggpull='git pull origin $(git_current_branch)'
    alias ggpur=ggu
    alias ggpush='git push origin $(git_current_branch)'
    alias ggsup='git branch --set-upstream-to=origin/$(git_current_branch)'
    alias ghh='git help'
    alias gignore='git update-index --assume-unchanged'
    alias gignored='git ls-files -v | grep "^[[:lower:]]"'
    alias git-svn-dcommit-push='git svn dcommit && git push github master:svntrunk'
    alias gk='\gitk --all --branches'
    alias gke='\gitk --all $(git log -g --pretty=%h)'
    alias gl='git pull'
    alias glg='git log --stat'
    alias glgg='git log --graph'
    alias glgga='git log --graph --decorate --all'
    alias glgm='git log --graph --max-count=10'
    alias glgp='git log --stat -p'
    alias glo='git log --oneline --decorate'
    alias globurl='noglob urlglobber '
    alias glog='git log --oneline --decorate --graph'
    alias gloga='git log --oneline --decorate --graph --all'
    alias glol='git log --graph --pretty='\''%Cred%h%Creset -%C(yellow)%d%Creset %s %Cgreen(%cr) %C(bold blue)<%an>%Creset'\'' --abbrev-commit'
    alias glola='git log --graph --pretty='\''%Cred%h%Creset -%C(yellow)%d%Creset %s %Cgreen(%cr) %C(bold blue)<%an>%Creset'\'' --abbrev-commit --all'
    alias glp=_git_log_prettily
    alias glum='git pull upstream master'
    alias gm='git merge'
    alias gmom='git merge origin/master'
    alias gmt='git mergetool --no-prompt'
    alias gmtvim='git mergetool --no-prompt --tool=vimdiff'
    alias gmum='git merge upstream/master'
    alias gp='git push'
    alias gpd='git push --dry-run'
    alias gpoat='git push origin --all && git push origin --tags'
    alias gpristine='git reset --hard && git clean -dfx'
    alias gpsup='git push --set-upstream origin $(git_current_branch)'
    alias gpu='git push upstream'
    alias gpv='git push -v'
    alias gr='git remote'
    alias gra='git remote add'
    alias grb='git rebase'
    alias grba='git rebase --abort'
    alias grbc='git rebase --continue'
    alias grbi='git rebase -i'
    alias grbm='git rebase master'
    alias grbs='git rebase --skip'
    alias grep='grep  --color=auto --exclude-dir={.bzr,CVS,.git,.hg,.svn}'
    alias grh='git reset HEAD'
    alias grhh='git reset HEAD --hard'
    alias grmv='git remote rename'
    alias grrm='git remote remove'
    alias grset='git remote set-url'
    alias grt='cd $(git rev-parse --show-toplevel || echo ".")'
    alias gru='git reset --'
    alias grup='git remote update'
    alias grv='git remote -v'
    alias gsb='git status -sb'
    alias gsd='git svn dcommit'
    alias gsi='git submodule init'
    alias gsps='git show --pretty=short --show-signature'
    alias gsr='git svn rebase'
    alias gss='git status -s'
    alias gst='git status'
    alias gsta='git stash save'
    alias gstaa='git stash apply'
    alias gstc='git stash clear'
    alias gstd='git stash drop'
    alias gstl='git stash list'
    alias gstp='git stash pop'
    alias gsts='git stash show --text'
    alias gsu='git submodule update'
    alias gts='git tag -s'
    alias gtv='git tag | sort -V'
    alias gunignore='git update-index --no-assume-unchanged'
    alias gunwip='git log -n 1 | grep -q -c "\-\-wip\-\-" && git reset HEAD~1'
    alias gup='git pull --rebase'
    alias gupv='git pull --rebase -v'
    alias gwch='git whatchanged -p --abbrev-commit --pretty=medium'
    alias gwip='git add -A; git rm $(git ls-files --deleted) 2> /dev/null; git commit --no-verify -m "--wip-- [skip ci]"'
    alias history='fc -l 1'
    alias l='ls -lah'
    alias la='ls -lAh'
    alias ll='ls -lh'
    alias ls='ls --color=tty'
    alias lsa='ls -lah'
    alias md='mkdir -p'
    alias please=sudo
    alias po=popd
    alias pu=pushd
    alias rd=rmdir
    alias which-command=whence
    
    # GitFlow 相关操作指令
    alias gffs='git flow feature start'
    alias gfff='git flow feature finish'
    alias gfbs='git flow bugfix start'
    alias gfbf='git flow bugfix finish'
    alias gfhs='git flow hotfix start'
    alias gfhf='git flow hotfix finish'
    alias gfrs='git flow release start'
    alias gfrf='git flow release finish'
    alias gfss='git flow support start'
    alias gfsf='git flow support finish'
    
  3. 打开终端(bash)即可使用快捷指令操作git

也可以将bash 内置为idea/vscode等ide的默认命令行, 即可直接在ide中使用快捷指令

1 Like

终端是啥呀,彩色的 master 和时间

我理解的是 zsh配置plugins=(git) 就有这些命令了吧

这个是自己用windows terminal + oh my posh 自定义的主题

我没有用过这个插件, 不太清楚这个具体是什么

能记住这些别名吗 :melting_face:

其实还好,都是全称的首字母,但是多了的确顶不住 :smiley:

1 Like

oh my zsh里就有专门的插件定义这些,但是用多了,很发现可能还不如敲命令全名好记

就是不想敲全称才用的缩写, 哈哈

看完根本记不住简称